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/*
* This file is a part of PikoTools
* and is distributed under the (new) BSD licence.
* Author: Tomasz Sowa <t.sowa@ttmath.org>
*/
/*
* Copyright (c) 2010-2021, Tomasz Sowa
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
*
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
*
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* * Neither the name Tomasz Sowa nor the names of contributors to this
* project may be used to endorse or promote products derived
* from this software without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
* LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF
* THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#include "utf8.h"
#include "utf8_private.h"
namespace pt
{
/*!
returns true if 'c' is a correct unicode character
*/
bool UTF8_CheckRange(int c)
{
return c>=0 && c<=0x10FFFF && !(c>=0xD800 && c<=0xDFFF);
}
/*!
returns true if 'c' is a correct unicode character
this method is used when reading from an utf8 string
how_many_bytes - means how many bytes from the utf8 string were read
*/
bool UTF8_CheckRange(int c, int how_many_bytes)
{
if( c >= 0x0000 && c <= 0x007f && how_many_bytes == 1 )
{
return true;
}
if( c >= 0x0080 && c <= 0x07ff && how_many_bytes == 2 )
{
return true;
}
if( c >= 0x0800 && c < 0xD800 && how_many_bytes == 3)
{
return true;
}
if( c > 0xDFFF && c <= 0xffff && how_many_bytes == 3)
{
return true;
}
if( c >= 0x10000 && c <= 0x10FFFF && how_many_bytes == 4 )
{
return true;
}
return false;
}
/*!
this function converts one UTF-8 character into one wide-character
input:
utf8 - an input UTF-8 string
utf8_len - size of the input string,
the string should be at least 4 bytes length for correctly
recognized the utf-8 sequence
output:
res - an output character
correct - true if it is a correct character
the function returns how many characters have been used from the input string
(returns zero only if utf8_len is zero)
even if there are errors the functions returns a different from zero value
*/
size_t UTF8ToInt(const char * utf8, size_t utf8_len, int & res, bool & correct)
{
size_t i, len;
res = 0;
correct = false;
if( utf8_len == 0 )
return 0;
if( !private_namespace::UTF8ToInt_FirstOctet(utf8[0], len, res) )
return 1;
if( utf8_len < len )
return utf8_len;
for(i=1 ; i<len ; ++i)
{
if( !private_namespace::UTF8ToInt_AddNextOctet(utf8[i], res) )
return i;
}
if( UTF8_CheckRange(res, len) )
correct = true;
return len;
}
/*!
this function converts one UTF-8 character into one wide-character
input:
utf8 - an input UTF-8 string (null terminated)
output:
res - an output character
correct - true if it is a correct character
the function returns how many characters have been used from the input string
(returns zero only if the string has '\0' at the first character)
even if there are errors the functions returns a different from zero value
*/
size_t UTF8ToInt(const char * utf8, int & res, bool & correct)
{
size_t i, len;
res = 0;
correct = false;
if( *utf8 == 0 )
return 0;
if( !private_namespace::UTF8ToInt_FirstOctet(utf8[0], len, res) )
return 1;
for(i=1 ; i<len ; ++i)
{
if( utf8[i] == 0 )
return i;
if( !private_namespace::UTF8ToInt_AddNextOctet(utf8[i], res) )
return i;
}
if( UTF8_CheckRange(res, len) )
correct = true;
return len;
}
/*!
this function converts one UTF-8 character into one wide-character
input:
utf8 - an input UTF-8 string
output:
res - an output character
correct - true if it is a correct character
the function returns how many characters have been used from the input string
(returns zero only if utf8 is empty)
even if there are errors the functions returns a different from zero value
*/
size_t UTF8ToInt(const std::string & utf8, int & res, bool & correct)
{
return UTF8ToInt(utf8.c_str(), utf8.size(), res, correct);
}
/*!
this function converts one UTF-8 character into one wide-character
input:
utf8 - an input UTF-8 stream
output:
res - an output character
correct - true if it is a correct character
the function returns how many characters have been used from the input stream
*/
size_t UTF8ToInt(std::istream & utf8, int & res, bool & correct)
{
size_t i, len;
unsigned char uz;
res = 0;
correct = false;
uz = utf8.get();
if( !utf8 )
return 0;
if( !private_namespace::UTF8ToInt_FirstOctet(uz, len, res) )
return 1;
for(i=1 ; i<len ; ++i)
{
uz = utf8.get();
if( !utf8 )
return i;
if( !private_namespace::UTF8ToInt_AddNextOctet(uz, res) )
return i;
}
if( UTF8_CheckRange(res, len) )
correct = true;
return len;
}
/*
*/
static void IntToWide(int c, std::wstring & res)
{
if( sizeof(wchar_t)==2 && c>0xffff )
{
// UTF16 surrogate pairs
c -= 0x10000;
res += static_cast<wchar_t>(((c >> 10) & 0x3FF) + 0xD800);
res += static_cast<wchar_t>((c & 0x3FF) + 0xDC00);
}
else
{
res += static_cast<wchar_t>(c);
}
}
/*!
this function converts an utf8 string into wide string (std::wstring)
input:
utf8 - an input utf8 string
utf8_len - size of the input string
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
res - an output wide string
the function returns false if there were some errors when converting
*/
bool UTF8ToWide(const char * utf8, size_t utf8_len, std::wstring & res, bool clear, int mode)
{
if( clear )
res.clear();
bool status = private_namespace::UTF8ToWideGeneric(utf8, utf8_len, mode, [&res](int c) {
IntToWide(c, res);
});
return status;
}
/*!
this function converts an utf8 string into wide string (std::wstring)
input:
utf8 - an input utf8 null terminated string
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
res - an output wide string
the function returns false if there were some errors when converting
*/
bool UTF8ToWide(const char * utf8, std::wstring & res, bool clear, int mode)
{
size_t utf8_len = 0;
while( utf8[utf8_len] != 0 )
utf8_len += 1;
return UTF8ToWide(utf8, utf8_len, res, clear, mode);
}
/*!
this function converts an utf8 string into wide string (std::wstring)
input:
utf8 - an input utf8 string
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
res - an output wide string
the function returns false if there were some errors when converting
*/
bool UTF8ToWide(const std::string & utf8, std::wstring & res, bool clear, int mode)
{
return UTF8ToWide(utf8.c_str(), utf8.size(), res, clear, mode);
}
/*!
this function converts an utf8 stream into wide string (std::wstring)
input:
utf8 - an input utf8 stream
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
res - an output wide string
the function returns false if there were some errors when converting
*/
bool UTF8ToWide(std::istream & utf8, std::wstring & res, bool clear, int mode)
{
int z;
bool correct, was_error = false;
if( clear )
res.clear();
while( UTF8ToInt(utf8, z, correct) > 0 )
{
if( !correct )
{
if( mode == 1 )
res += 0xFFFD; // U+FFFD "replacement character"
was_error = true;
}
else
{
IntToWide(z, res);
}
}
return !was_error;
}
/*!
this function converts one wide character into UTF-8 sequence
input:
z - wide character
output:
utf8 - a buffer for the output sequence
utf8_len - the size of the buffer
the function returns how many characters have been written to the utf8,
zero means the utf8 buffer is too small or 'z' is an incorrect unicode character
*/
size_t IntToUTF8(int z, char * utf8, size_t utf8_max_len)
{
char buf[10];
int i = 0;
int mask = 0x3f; // 6 first bits set
if( utf8_max_len==0 || !UTF8_CheckRange(z) )
return 0;
if( z <= 0x7f )
{
utf8[0] = static_cast<char>(z);
return 1;
}
do
{
buf[i] = 0x80 | (z & 0x3f);
i += 1;
z >>= 6;
mask >>= 1;
}
while( (z & (~mask)) != 0 );
unsigned int first = -1;
first <<= (7 - i);
first |= (z & mask);
if( size_t(i+1) > utf8_max_len )
return 0;
utf8[0] = static_cast<char>(first);
int a = 1;
for(--i; i>=0 ; --i, ++a)
utf8[a] = buf[i];
return a;
}
/*!
this function converts one wide character into UTF-8 string
input:
z - wide character
output:
utf8 - a UTF-8 string for the output sequence (the string is not cleared)
the function returns how many characters have been written to the utf8 string,
zero means that 'z' is an incorrect unicode character
*/
size_t IntToUTF8(int z, std::string & utf8, bool clear)
{
char buf[10];
if( clear )
utf8.clear();
size_t len = IntToUTF8(z, buf, sizeof(buf)/sizeof(char));
size_t i;
for(i=0 ; i<len ; ++i)
utf8 += buf[i];
return len;
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string into UTF-8 string
input:
wide_string - a wide string for converting
string_len - the size of the string
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a UTF-8 string for the output sequence (the string is not cleared)
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const wchar_t * wide_string, size_t string_len, std::string & utf8, bool clear, int mode)
{
bool was_error = false;
size_t chars;
if( clear )
utf8.clear();
while( string_len > 0 )
{
chars = private_namespace::WideOneToUTF8(wide_string, string_len, utf8, was_error, mode);
wide_string += chars;
string_len -= chars;
}
return !was_error;
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string into UTF-8 string
input:
wide_string - a null terminated wide string for converting
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a UTF-8 string for the output sequence (the string is not cleared)
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const wchar_t * wide_string, std::string & utf8, bool clear, int mode)
{
bool was_error = false;
if( clear )
utf8.clear();
while( *wide_string )
wide_string += private_namespace::WideOneToUTF8(wide_string, utf8, was_error, mode);
return !was_error;
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string (std::wstring) into UTF-8 string
input:
wide_string - a wide string for converting
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a UTF-8 string for the output sequence (the string is not cleared)
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const std::wstring & wide_string, std::string & utf8, bool clear, int mode)
{
return WideToUTF8(wide_string.c_str(), wide_string.size(), utf8, clear, mode);
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string into UTF-8 stream
input:
wide_string - a wide string for converting
string_len - lenght of the wide string
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a buffer for the UTF-8 stream
utf8_len - the size of the buffer
utf8_written - how many bytes have been written to the buffer
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting or the output buffer was too small,
the output string is not null terminated
if there is an error when converting (there is an incorrect character in the wide string) the function
will continue converting but if the buffer is too small the function breaks immediately
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const wchar_t * wide_string, size_t string_len, char * utf8, size_t utf8_len, size_t & utf8_written, int mode)
{
bool was_error = false;
bool was_buffer_to_small;
size_t chars, utf8_saved;
utf8_written = 0;
while( string_len > 0 )
{
chars = private_namespace::WideOneToUTF8(wide_string, string_len, utf8, utf8_len, utf8_saved, was_buffer_to_small, was_error, mode);
if( was_buffer_to_small )
{
/*
* if the buffer was too small break immediately
* and set the was_error flag
*/
was_error = true;
break;
}
wide_string += chars;
string_len -= chars;
utf8 += utf8_saved;
utf8_len -= utf8_saved;
utf8_written += utf8_saved;
}
return !was_error;
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string (std::wstring) into UTF-8 stream
input:
wide_string - a wide string for converting
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a buffer for the UTF-8 stream
utf8_len - the size of the buffer
utf8_written - how many bytes have been written to the buffer
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting or the output buffer was too small,
the output string is not null terminated
if there is an error when converting (there is an incorrect character in the wide string) the function
will continue converting but if the buffer is too small the function breaks immediately
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const std::wstring & wide_string, char * utf8, size_t utf8_len, size_t & utf8_written, int mode)
{
return WideToUTF8(wide_string.c_str(), wide_string.size(), utf8, utf8_len, utf8_written, mode);
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string into UTF-8 stream
input:
wide_string - a wide string for converting
string_len - lenght of the wide string
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a buffer for the UTF-8 stream
utf8_len - the size of the buffer
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting or the output buffer was too small,
the output string is null terminated (even if there were errors during converting)
if there is an error when converting (there is an incorrect character in the wide string) the function
will continue converting but if the buffer is too small the function breaks immediately
(in both cases the utf8 buffer is null terminated)
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const wchar_t * wide_string, size_t string_len, char * utf8, size_t utf8_len, int mode)
{
size_t utf8_saved;
bool res;
if( utf8_len == 0 )
return false;
res = WideToUTF8(wide_string, string_len, utf8, utf8_len - 1, utf8_saved, mode);
utf8[utf8_saved] = 0;
return res;
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string (std::wstring) into UTF-8 stream
input:
wide_string - a wide string for converting
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a buffer for the UTF-8 stream
utf8_len - the size of the buffer
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting or the output buffer was too small,
the output string is null terminated (even if there were errors during converting)
if there is an error when converting (there is an incorrect character in the wide string) the function
will continue converting but if the buffer is too small the function breaks immediately
(in both cases the utf8 buffer is null terminated)
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const std::wstring & wide_string, char * utf8, size_t utf8_len, int mode)
{
return WideToUTF8(wide_string.c_str(), wide_string.size(), utf8, utf8_len, mode);
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string into UTF-8 stream
input:
wide_string - a null terminated wide string for converting
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a buffer for the UTF-8 stream
utf8_len - the size of the buffer
utf8_written - how many bytes have been written to the buffer
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting or the output buffer was too small,
the output string is not null terminated
if there is an error when converting (there is an incorrect character in the wide string) the function
will continue converting but if the buffer is too small the function breaks immediately
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const wchar_t * wide_string, char * utf8, size_t utf8_len, size_t & utf8_written, int mode)
{
bool was_error = false;
bool was_buffer_to_small;
size_t chars, utf8_saved;
size_t len;
utf8_written = 0;
while( *wide_string )
{
len = (*(wide_string+1) == 0) ? 1 : 2;
chars = private_namespace::WideOneToUTF8(wide_string, len, utf8, utf8_len, utf8_saved, was_buffer_to_small, was_error, mode);
if( was_buffer_to_small )
{
/*
* if the buffer was too small break immediately
* and set the was_error flag
*/
was_error = true;
break;
}
wide_string += chars;
utf8 += utf8_saved;
utf8_len -= utf8_saved;
utf8_written += utf8_saved;
}
return !was_error;
}
/*!
this function converts a wide string into UTF-8 stream
input:
wide_string - a wide string for converting
mode - what to do with errors when converting
0: skip an invalid character
1: put U+FFFD "replacement character" istead of the invalid character (default)
output:
utf8 - a buffer for the UTF-8 stream
utf8_len - the size of the buffer
this function returns false if there were some errors when converting or the output buffer was too small,
the output string is null terminated (even if there were errors during converting)
if there is an error when converting (there is an incorrect character in the wide string) the function
will continue converting but if the buffer is too small the function breaks immediately
(in both cases the utf8 buffer is null terminated)
*/
bool WideToUTF8(const wchar_t * wide_string, char * utf8, size_t utf8_len, int mode)
{
size_t utf8_saved;
bool res;
if( utf8_len == 0 )
return false;
res = WideToUTF8(wide_string, utf8, utf8_len - 1, utf8_saved, mode);
utf8[utf8_saved] = 0;
return res;
}
} // namespace